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Landscape Limnology Primer

Landscape limnology = the spatially-explicit study of lakes, streams, and wetlands as they interact with freshwater, terrestrial, and human landscapes to determine the effects of pattern on ecosystem processes across temporal and spatial scales (Soranno et al. 2010).

Principles of landscape limnology (adapted from Soranno et al. 2010)
Four core principles or themes of landscape ecology (synthesized by Wiens 2002), adapted for lakes by Soranno et al. (2009), and expanded more broadly to all freshwater ecosystems by Soranno et al. (in review) to provide the foundation for landscape limnology.

Conceptual Framework